ÍNDICE GERAL DE PREÇOS DO MERCADO – IGP-M

O que compõe o IGPM:

O IGPM/FGV é calculado mensalmente pela FGV e é divulgado no final de cada mês de referência.

Quando ele foi concebido teve como princípio ser um indicador para balizar as correções de alguns títulos emitidos pelo Tesouro Nacional e Depósitos Bancários com renda pós fixadas acima de um ano.

Posteriormente passou a ser o índice utilizado para a correção de contratos de aluguel e como indexador de algumas tarifas como energia elétrica.

Mês/anoÍndice do mês (em %)Índice acumulado no ano (em %)Índice acumulado nos últimos 12 meses (em %)Número índice acumulado a partir de Jan/93
Set/20204,3414,399517,93742.090,5462
Ago/20202,749,641113,02052.003,5904
Jul/20202,236,71719,26931.950,1561
Jun/20201,564,38927,31331.907,6163
Mai/20200,282,78576,51031.878,3146
Abr/20200,802,49876,69081.873,0700
Mar/20201,241,68536,81781.858,2044
Fev/2020-0,040,43986,83891.835,4448
Jan/20200,480,48007,82231.836,1792
Dez/20192,097,31797,31791.827,4077
Nov/20190,305,12093,98561.789,9968
Out/20190,684,80653,16651.784,6429
Set/2019-0,014,09863,38171.772,5893
Ago/2019-0,674,10904,96361.772,7666
Jul/20190,404,81126,41131.784,7243
Jun/20190,804,39376,52791.777,6138
Mai/20190,453,56517,65871.763,5058
Abr/20190,923,10128,65551.755,6056
Mar/20191,262,16138,27861.739,6013
Fev/20190,880,89007,61571.717,9551
Jan/20190,010,01006,75161.702,9690
Dez/2018-1,087,55217,55211.702,7987
Nov/2018-0,498,72649,69401.721,3897
Out/20180,899,261810,80741.729,8660
Set/20181,528,297910,04961.714,6060
Ago/20180,706,67648,91141.688,9342
Jul/20180,515,93498,26241.677,1938
Jun/20181,875,39746,93761.668,6835
Mai/20181,383,46264,27121.638,0519
Abr/20180,572,05421,89531.615,7545
Mar/20180,641,47580,20331.606,5969
Fev/20180,070,8305-0,42391.596,3801
Jan/20180,760,7600-0,41401.595,2634
Dez/20170,89-0,5326-0,53261.583,2308
Nov/20170,52-1,4100-0,87771.569,2643
Out/20170,20-1,9201-1,42001.561,1463
Set/20170,47-2,1158-1,45941.558,0302
Ago/20170,10-2,5737-1,72421.550,7417
Jul/2017-0,72-2,6711-1,67511.549,1925
Jun/2017-0,67-1,9652-0,78371.560,4276
Mai/2017-0,93-1,30391,57361.570,9530
Abr/2017-1,10-0,37753,36781.585,7000
Mar/20170,010,73064,86241.603,3367
Fev/20170,080,72055,38661.603,1764
Jan/20170,640,64006,66081.601,8949
Dez/20160,547,19077,19071.591,7080
Nov/2016-0,036,61507,13741.583,1589
Out/20160,166,64708,79851.583,6340
Set/20160,206,476610,67771.581,1042
Ago/20160,156,264111,50621.577,9483
Jul/20160,186,104911,65091.575,5850
Jun/20161,695,914312,21931.572,7540
Mai/20160,824,154111,09371.546,6162
Abr/20160,333,307010,64191.534,0371
Mar/20160,512,967211,56821.528,9914
Fev/20161,292,444712,09001.521,2331
Jan/20161,141,140010,96121.501,8591
Dez/20150,4910,544310,54431.484,9309
Nov/20151,5210,005310,68731.477,6902
Out/20151,898,358210,09851.455,5657
Set/20150,956,34828,35881.428,5658
Ago/20150,285,34747,55381.415,1222
Jul/20150,695,05336,96391.411,1709
Jun/20150,674,33345,58291.401,5005
Mai/20150,413,63904,10411.392,1730
Abr/20151,173,21583,54421.386,4884
Mar/20150,982,02223,14501.370,4541
Fev/20150,271,03213,84991.357,1540
Jan/20150,760,76003,96381.353,4995
Dez/20140,623,67493,67491.343,2905
Nov/20140,983,03613,65431.335,0134
Out/20140,282,03612,94601.322,0573
Set/20140,201,75123,54141.318,3658
Ago/2014-0,271,54814,88481.315,7344
Jul/2014-0,611,82305,32651.319,2965
Jun/2014-0,742,44806,24841.327,3936
Mai/2014-0,133,21177,84341.337,2895
Abr/20140,783,34617,98371.339,0302
Mar/20141,672,54627,30871.328,6666
Fev/20140,380,86185,76771.306,8424
Jan/20140,480,48005,67291.301,8952
Dez/20130,605,52575,52571.295,6759
Nov/20130,294,89635,60961.287,9482
Out/20130,864,59305,27261.284,2240
Set/20131,503,70114,39591.273,2738
Ago/20130,152,16863,85071.254,4570
Jul/20130,262,01565,17801.252,5781
Jun/20130,751,75106,31101.249,3299
Mai/20130,000,99366,21601.240,0296
Abr/20130,150,99367,29941.240,0296
Mar/20130,210,84238,04941.238,1724
Fev/20130,290,63108,28661.235,5777
Jan/20130,340,34007,90871.232,0049
Dez/20120,687,81197,81191.227,8302
Nov/2012-0,037,08386,95531.219,5374
Out/20120,027,11587,52221.219,9033
Set/20120,977,09458,07051.219,6594
Ago/20121,436,06567,72801.207,9424
Jul/20121,344,57036,67661.190,9123
Jun/20120,663,18765,13971.175,1651
Mai/20121,022,51104,26231.167,4599
Abr/20120,851,47593,65341.155,6720
Mar/20120,430,62073,24221.145,9316
Fev/2012-0,060,18993,43761.141,0252
Jan/20120,250,25004,53471.141,7102
Dez/2011-0,125,09775,09771.138,8631
Nov/20110,505,22405,95011.140,2313
Out/20110,534,70056,95161.134,5586
Set/20110,654,14857,46221.128,5771
Ago/20110,443,47597,99611.121,2887
Jul/2011-0,123,02268,35091.116,3767
Jun/2011-0,183,14648,64381.117,7179
Mai/20110,433,33249,76491.119,7334
Abr/20110,452,890010,59551.114,9392
Mar/20110,622,429010,94781.109,9445
Fev/20111,001,797911,30071.103,1052
Jan/20110,790,790011,49901.092,1834
Dez/20100,6911,322011,32201.083,6227
Nov/20101,4510,559210,27171.076,1970
Out/20101,018,97908,80431.060,8152
Set/20101,157,88937,77021.050,2081
Ago/20100,776,66276,99251.038,2680
Jul/20100,155,84765,79271.030,3344
Jun/20100,855,68915,18001.028,7912
Mai/20101,194,79834,18921.020,1202
Abr/20100,773,56592,89191.008,1235
Mar/20100,942,77451,95251.000,4203
Fev/20101,181,81740,2556991,1039
Jan/20100,630,6300-0,6559979,5453
Dez/2009-0,26-1,7123-1,7123973,4128
Nov/20090,10-1,4561-1,5842975,9503
Out/20090,05-1,5545-1,3089974,9753
Set/20090,42-1,6037-0,3915974,4880
Ago/2009-0,36-2,0152-0,6990970,4123
Jul/2009-0,43-1,6612-0,6591973,9183
Jun/2009-0,10-1,23651,5258978,1243
Mai/2009-0,07-1,13773,6397979,1034
Abr/2009-0,15-1,06845,3820979,7893
Mar/2009-0,74-0,91986,2686981,2612
Fev/20090,26-0,18117,8531988,5767
Jan/2009-0,44-0,44008,1435986,0130
Dez/2008-0,139,80549,8054990,3707
Nov/20080,389,948411,8835991,6598
Out/20080,989,532112,2290987,9058
Set/20080,118,469112,3068978,3183
Ago/2008-0,328,350013,6305977,2433
Jul/20081,768,697815,1125980,3805
Jun/20081,986,817813,4383963,4242
Mai/20081,614,743911,5250944,7188
Abr/20080,693,08429,8017929,7498
Mar/20080,742,37789,0930923,3785
Fev/20080,531,62588,6598916,5957
Jan/20081,091,09008,3788911,7634
Dez/20071,767,74637,7463901,9323
Nov/20070,695,88276,2215886,3328
Out/20071,055,15726,2849880,2591
Set/20071,294,06455,6748871,1124
Ago/20070,982,73914,6315860,0181
Jul/20070,281,74213,9995851,6718
Jun/20070,261,45803,8958849,2937
Mai/20070,041,19494,4035847,0913
Abr/20070,041,15444,7583846,7526
Mar/20070,341,11404,2767846,4140
Fev/20070,270,77133,6843843,5460
Jan/20070,500,50003,4154841,2745
Dez/20060,323,84763,8476837,0891
Nov/20060,753,51643,5060834,4189
Out/20060,472,74583,1464828,2074
Set/20060,292,26513,2799824,3330
Ago/20060,371,96942,4355821,9494
Jul/20060,181,59351,3945818,9194
Jun/20060,751,41100,8682817,4480
Mai/20060,380,6561– 0,3232811,3627
Abri/2006– 0,420,2750– 0,9190808,2912
Mar/2006– 0,230,69800,3546811,7004
Fev/20060,010,93011,4409813,5716
Jan/20060,920,92001,7350813,4902
Dez/2005– 0,011,20081,2008806,0744
Nov/20050,401,21091,9598806,1550
Out/20050,600,80772,3864802,9432
Set/2005– 0,530,20642,1726798,1543
Ago/2005– 0,650,74033,4258802,4070
Jul/2005– 0,341,39945,3725807,6568
Jun/2005– 0,441,74547,1171810,4122
Mai/2005– 0,222,19509,0752813,9938
Abri/20050,862,420310,7478815,7885
Mar/20050,851,547011,1321808,8326
Fev/20050,300,691211,4406802,0154
Jan/20050,390,390011,8739799,6166
Dez/20040,7412,420012,4200796,5102
Nov/20040,8211,594212,2749790,6593
Out/20040,3910,686611,9074784,2286
Set/20040,6910,256611,8963781,1820
Ago/20041,229,501012,4408775,8288
Jul/20041,318,181211,5077766,4778
Jun/20041,386,78239,6036756,5667
Mai/20041,315,32887,0305746,2682
Abri/20041,213,96685,3718736,6185
Mar/20041,132,72395,0699727,8120
Fev/20040,691,57615,4855719,6796
Jan/20040,880,88007,1512714,7479

O IGP-M/FGV analisa as mesmas variações de preços consideradas no IGP-DI/FGV, ou seja, o Índice de Preços por Atacado (IPA), que tem peso de 60% do índice, o Índice de Preços ao Consumidor (IPC), que tem peso de 30% e o Índice Nacional de Custo de Construção (INCC), representando 10% do IGP-M.

O que difere o IGP-M/FGV e o IGP-DI/FGV é que as variações de preços consideradas pelo IGP-M/FGV referem ao período do dia vinte e um do mês anterior ao dia vinte do mês de referência e o IGP-DI/FGV refere-se a período do dia um ao dia trinta do mês em referência. A cada dez dias a FGV divulga as variações prévias que comporão o índice referente ao período completo analisado.

Atualmente o IGP-M é o índice utilizado para balizar os aumentos da energia elétrica e dos contratos de alugueis.

Continuação abaixo (tabela simplificada…)