ÍNDICE NACIONAL DE PREÇOS AO CONSUMIDOR – INPC

O que compõe o INPC/IBGE:

O INPC/IBGE foi criado inicialmente com o objetivo de orientar os reajustes de salários dos trabalhadores.

O Sistema Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor – SNIPC efetua a produção contínua e sistemática de índices de preços ao consumidor tendo como unidade de coleta estabelecimentos comerciais e de prestação de serviços, concessionária de serviços públicos e domicílios (para levantamento de aluguel e condomínio).

A população-objetivo do INPC abrange as famílias com rendimentos mensais compreendidos entre 1 (hum) e 5 (cinco) salários-mínimos (aproximadamente 50% das famílias brasileiras), cujo chefe é assalariado em sua ocupação principal e residente nas áreas urbanas das regiões, qualquer que seja a fonte de rendimentos, e demais residentes nas áreas urbanas das regiões metropolitanas abrangidas.

Abrangência geográfica: Regiões metropolitanas de Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba e Porto Alegre, Brasília e município de Goiânia.

Calculado pelo IBGE entre os dias 1º e 30 de cada mês, compõe-se do cruzamento de dois parâmetros: a pesquisa de preços nas onze regiões de maior produção econômica, cruzada com a Pesquisa de Orçamento Familiar (POF).

Janeiro/2012 – Alterações Significativas: A partir de janeiro/2012 o INPC passou a ser calculado com base nos valores de despesa obtidos na Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares – POF 2008-2009. A POF é realizada a cada cinco anos pelo IBGE em todo o território brasileiro o que permite atualizar os pesos (participação relativa do valor da despesa de um item consumido em relação à despesa total) dos produtos e serviços nos orçamentos das famílias. De julho de 2006 à dezembro de 2011 a base dos índices de preços ao consumidor era a POF de 2002-2003.

Outra mudança importante: Até 31.12.2011 eram consideradas no cálculo as famílias com rendimento de 1 à 6 salários mínimos. A partir de 01.01.2012 isso diminuiu (de 1 à 5 salários mínimos) em função da elevação real da renda do brasileiro evitando, assim, desvirtuação da faixa salarial.

Verifique na tabela abaixo as alterações ocorridas:

PESO DOS GRUPOS DE PRODUTOS E SERVIÇOS

Tipo de GastoPeso % do Gasto(até 31.12.2011)Peso % do Gasto(a partir de 01.01.2012)
Alimentação e bebidas30,6728,27
Transportes16,1417,30
Habitação16,1016,87
Saúde e cuidados pessoais9,019,67
Despesas pessoais7,166,90
Vestuário8,368,15
Comunicação4,562,78
Artigos de residência4,825,64
Educação3,184,42
Total100,00100,00

O INPC/IBGE mede a variação dos custos dos gastos conforme acima descrito no período do primeiro ao último dia de cada mês de referência e no período compreendido entre o dia oito e doze do mês seguinte o referido instituto divulga as variações.

Para você visualizar a série histórica de 1979 à 1989 ==> CLIQUE AQUI

Mês/anoÍndice do mês (em %)Índice acumulado no ano (em %)Índice acumulado nos últimos 12 meses (em %)Número índice acumulado a partir de Jan/93
Set/20200,872,04373,88791.439,9096
Ago/20200,361,16362,94041.427,4904
Jul/20200,440,80072,69431.422,3699
Jun/20200,300,35912,34661.416,1389
Mai/2020-0,250,05902,05071.411,9032
Abr/2020-0,230,30972,45991.415,4418
Mar/20200,180,54103,31231.418,7048
Fev/20200,170,36033,92081.416,1557
Jan/20200,190,19004,30461.413,7523
Dez/20191,224,48164,48161.411,0711
Nov/20190,543,22233,36681.394,0636
Out/20190,042,66792,55461.386,5761
Set/2019-0,052,62682,92361.386,0217
Ago/20190,122,67823,28401.386,7151
Jul/20190,102,55513,16021.385,0530
Jun/20190,012,45263,31481.383,6693
Mai/20190,152,44244,78181.383,5310
Abr/20190,602,28905,07471.381,4588
Mar/20190,771,67894,66741.373,2195
Fev/20190,540,90193,94031.362,7265
Jan/20190,360,36003,56811.355,4073
Dez/20180,143,43403,43401.350,5453
Nov/2018-0,253,28933,55791.348,6572
Out/20180,403,54824,00431.352,0373
Set/20180,303,13573,97321.346,6507
Ago/20180,002,82723,64151.342,6228
Jul/20180,252,82723,61041.342,6228
Jun/20181,432,57083,52771.339,2746
Mai/20180,431,12471,76201.320,3930
Abr/20180,210,69171,69101.314,7396
Mar/20180,070,48071,55911.311,9844
Fev/20180,180,41041,81281.311,0667
Jan/20180,230,23001,87381.308,7110
Dez/20170,262,06692,06691.305,7079
Nov/20170,181,80221,94481.302,3219
Out/20170,371,61931,83281.299,9819
Set/2017-0,021,24471,62991.295,1897
Ago/2017-0,031,26501,73161.295,4488
Jul/20170,171,29542,07761.295,8376
Jun/2017-0,301,12352,55651.293,6385
Mai/20170,361,42773,34861.297,5311
Abr/20170,081,06393,98701.292,8767
Mar/20170,320,98314,56891.291,8432
Fev/20170,240,66104,69401.287,7225
Jan/20170,420,42005,43551.284,6394
Dez/20160,146,58006,58001.279,2665
Nov/20160,076,43107,38881.277,4780
Out/20160,176,35658,50491.276,5844
Set/20160,086,17609,15481.274,4179
Ago/20160,316,09119,62381.273,3991
Jul/20160,645,76339,55821.269,4638
Jun/20160,475,09079,49291.261,3909
Mai/20160,984,59919,81991.255,4901
Abr/20160,643,58409,83071.243,3057
Mar/20160,442,92529,90711.235,3991
Fev/20160,952,474311,07801.229,9872
Jan/20161,511,510011,30911.218,4122
Dez/20150,9011,276211,27621.200,2879
Nov/20151,1110,283610,96741.189,5817
Out/20150,779,072910,33081.176,5223
Set/20150,518,23959,90381.167,5323
Ago/20150,257,69029,88201.161,6081
Jul/20150,587,42179,80521.158,7113
Jun/20150,776,80229,31401.152,0295
Mai/20150,995,98618,76071.143,2267
Abr/20150,714,94728,34071.132,0197
Mar/20151,514,20738,41601.124,0390
Fev/20151,162,65727,67911.107,3185
Jan/20151,481,48007,12561.094,6209
Dez/20140,626,22836,22831.078,6568
Nov/20140,535,57376,33381.072,0103
Out/20140,385,01716,34441.066,3586
Set/20140,494,61966,58811.062,3218
Ago/20140,184,10946,35471.057,1418
Jul/20140,133,92246,33351.055,2424
Jun/20140,263,78746,05741.053,8724
Mai/20140,603,51836,07861.051,1394
Abr/20140,782,90095,81491.044,8702
Mar/20140,822,10455,61541.036,7833
Fev/20140,641,27405,38501.028,3508
Jan/20140,630,63005,25931.021,8112
Dez/20130,725,56275,56271.015,4141
Nov/20130,544,80805,58361.008,1554
Out/20130,614,24515,58361.002,7406
Set/20130,273,61315,6886996,6609
Ago/20130,163,33416,0680993,9772
Jul/2013-0,133,16906,3751992,3894
Jun/20130,283,30336,9716993,6812
Mai/20130,353,01496,9503990,9066
Abr/20130,592,65567,1634987,4505
Mar/20130,602,05357,2167981,6588
Fev/20130,521,44486,7691975,8039
Jan/20130,920,92006,6310970,7560
Dez/20120,746,19786,1978961,9064
Nov/20120,545,41775,9553954,8406
Out/20120,714,85145,9868949,7122
Set/20120,634,11235,5765943,0168
Ago/20120,453,46055,3877937,1130
Jul/20120,432,99705,3562932,9149
Jun/20120,262,55604,9051928,9205
Mai/20120,552,29014,8632926,5116
Abr/20120,641,73054,8841921,4436
Mar/20120,181,08364,9674915,5838
Fev/20120,390,90205,4704913,9388
Jan/20120,510,51005,6279910,3883
Dez/20110,516,07996,0799905,7689
Nov/20110,575,54166,1749901,1729
Out/20110,324,94356,6605896,0653
Set/20110,454,60877,2984893,2070
Ago/20110,424,14017,3946889,2056
Jul/20110,003,70456,8705885,4866
Jun/20110,223,70456,7957885,4866
Mai/20110,573,47696,4441883,5428
Abr/20110,722,89046,2959878,5351
Mar/20110,662,15496,3065872,2549
Fev/20110,541,48516,3593866,5358
Jan/20110,940,94006,5285861,8816
Dez/20100,606,46526,4652853,8553
Nov/20101,035,83026,0842848,7628
Out/20100,924,75135,3912840,1097
Set/20100,543,79634,6810832,4510
Ago/2010-0,073,23894,2854827,9800
Jul/2010-0,073,31124,4420828,5600
Jun/2010-0,113,38364,7555829,1404
Mai/20100,433,49745,3113830,0535
Abr/20100,733,05435,4896826,4995
Mar/20100,712,30745,3011820,5098
Fev/20100,701,58614,7677814,7252
Jan/20100,880,88004,3620809,0618
Dez/20090,244,11374,1137802,0042
Nov/20090,373,86454,1657800,0840
Out/20090,243,48164,1761797,1346
Set/20090,163,23384,4462795,2260
Ago/20090,083,06904,4359793,9557
Jul/20090,232,98664,5715793,3210
Jun/20090,422,75024,9367791,5006
Mai/20090,602,32055,4487788,1902
Abr/20090,551,71025,8261783,4893
Mar/20090,201,15395,9208779,2036
Fev/20090,310,95196,2485777,6483
Jan/20090,640,64006,4286775,2451
Dez/20080,296,48146,4814770,3151
Nov/20080,386,17357,2034768,0876
Out/20080,505,77167,2568765,1799
Set/20080,155,24547,0434761,3731
Ago/20080,215,08787,1503760,2327
Jul/20080,584,86757,5566758,6396
Jun/20080,914,26287,2785754,2646
Mai/20080,963,32256,6406747,4627
Abr/20080,642,34015,9012740,3553
Mar/20080,511,68935,5013735,6472
Fev/20080,481,17335,4279731,9145
Jan/20080,690,69005,3649728,4181
Dez/20070,975,15565,1556723,4265
Nov/20070,434,14544,7911716,4767
Out/20070,303,69964,7808713,4091
Set/20070,253,38934,9164711,2752
Ago/20070,593,13164,8224709,5015
Jul/20070,322,52674,1867705,3400
Jun/20070,312,19963,9685703,0899
Mai/20070,261,88373,5747700,9171
Abr/20070,261,61953,4404699,0995
Mar/20070,441,35603,2959697,2866
Fev/20070,420,91203,1212694,2319
Jan/20070,490,49002,9261691,3284
Dez/20060,622,81342,8134687,9575
Nov/20060,422,17992,5886683,7184
Out/20060,431,75252,7112680,8588
Set/20060,161,31692,8646677,9436
Ago/2006– 0,021,15502,8543676,8607
Jul/20060,111,17532,8749676,9961
Jun/2006– 0,071,06412,7927676,2522
Mai/20060,131,13492,7516676,7259
Abri/20060,121,00363,3365675,8473
Mar/20060,270,88254,1519675,0372
Fev/20060,230,61094,6297673,2196
Jan/20060,380,38004,8489671,6747
Dez/20050,405,04745,0474669,1320
Nov/20050,544,62885,5286666,4661
Out/20050,584,06695,4237662,8865
Set/20050,153,46684,9939659,0640
Ago/20050,003,31185,0149658,0769
Jul/20050,033,31185,5400658,0769
Jun/2005– 0,113,28086,2785657,8795
Mai/20050,703,39466,9276658,6040
Abri/20050,912,67586,6090654,0258
Mar/20050,731,74996,0808648,1278
Fev/20050,441,01255,9123643,4308
Jan/20050,570,57005,8595640,6121
Dez/20040,866,13326,1332636,9813
Nov/20040,445,22835,7965631,5500
Out/20040,174,76735,7228628,7833
Set/20040,174,58955,9549627,7162
Ago/20040,504,41206,6425626,6509
Jul/20040,733,89256,3029623,5332
Jun/20040,503,13965,5748619,0144
Mai/20040,402,62654,9865615,9347
Abri/20040,412,21765,6034613,4808
Mar/20040,571,80026,6236610,9758
Fev/20040,391,22327,4718607,5130
Jan/20040,830,83008,6172605,1529
Dez/20030,5410,383910,3839600,1715
Nov/20030,379,791012,7554596,9480
Out/20030,399,386316,1480594,7474
Set/20030,828,961317,5133592,4369
Ago/20030,188,075117,5249587,6184
Jul/20030,047,880918,3227586,5626
Jun/2003-0,067,837819,6355586,3281
Mai/20030,997,902520,4375586,6801
Abr/20031,386,844819,3642580,9289
Mar/20031,375,390418,5401573,0212
Fev/20031,463,966117,6630565,2769
Jan/20032,472,470016,3294557,1426

Continuação abaixo (tabela simplificada…)

(índices percentuais)

ANOJANFEVMARABRMAIJUNJULAGOSETOUTNOVDEZ%
199068,1973,9982,1814,677,3111,6412,6212,1814,2614,4316,9219,141.585,18%
199120,9520,2011,795,016,6810,8312,1415,6215,6221,0826,4824,15475,11%
199225,9224,4821,6220,8424,5020,8522,0822,3823,9826,0722,8925,581.149,05%
199328,7724,7927,5828,3726,7830,3731,0133,3435,6334,1236,0037,732.489,11%
199441,3240,5743,0842,8642,7348,247,751,851,402,822,961,70929,32%
19951,441,011,622,492,102,182,461,021,171,401,511,6521,98%
19961,460,710,290,931,281,331,200,500,020,380,340,339,12%
19970,810,450,680,600,110,350,18-0,030,100,290,150,574,34%
19980,850,540,490,450,720,15-0,28-0,49-0,310,11-0,180,422,49%
19990,651,291,280,470,050,070,740,550,390,960,940,748,43%
20000,610,050,130,09-0,050,301,391,210,430,160,290,555,27%
20010,770,490,480,840,570,601,110,790,440,941,290,749,44%
20021,070,310,620,680,090,611,150,860,831,573,392,7014,74%
20032,471,461,371,380,99-0,060,040,180,820,390,370,5410,38%
20040,830,390,570,410,400,500,730,500,170,170,440,866,13%
20050,570,440,730,910,70– 0,110,030,000,150,580,540,405,05%
20060,380,230,270,120,13– 0,070,11– 0,020,160,430,420,622,81%
20070,490,420,440,260,260,310,320,590,250,300,430,975,15%
20080,690,480,510,640,960,910,580,210,150,500,380,296,48%
20090,640,310,200,550,600,420,230,080,160,240,370,244,11%
20100,880,700,710,730,43-0,11-0,07-0,070,540,921,030,606,46%
20110,940,540,660,720,570,220,000,420,450,320,570,516,07%
20120,510,390,180,640,550,260,430,450,630,710,540,746,19%
20130,920,520,600,590,350,28-0,130,160,270,610,540,725,56%
20140,630,640,820,780,600,260,130,180,490,380,530,626,22%
20151,481,161,510,710,990,770,580,250,510,771,110,9011,27%
20161,510,950,440,640,980,470,640,310,080,170,070,146,58%
20170,420,240,320,080,36-0,300,17-0,03-0,020,370,180,262,06%
20180,230,180,070,210,431,430,250,000,300,40-0,250,143,43%
20190,360,540,770,600,150,010,100,12-0,050,040,541,224,48%
20200,190,170,18-0,23-0,250,300,440,360,872,04%

FONTES: IBGE e Base de Dados do Portal Brasil®.